Basic alcohol distillation equipment
Alcohol distillation equipment is easy to get at a local homebrew supply shop. The basic equipment and ingredients will help you to distill your own alcohol at a cheap cost and very soon you will get the hang of it and produce your own alcohol with the least amount of trouble and fuss.
Alcohol distillation equipment includes thermometers for the still and for the fermenter. These thermometers act like guidelines and help you to monitor the required temperatures. Thermometers that stick on are ideal. If you use on of the fermenter then you can see that the yeast is kept in the ideal range otherwise it could die or go dormant. Similarly a good thermometer on the still will help you to check the accuracy of the water/ice slurry as well as the boiling water. Thermometers are also used to keep a track of the temperature of the vapor. The new digital thermometers are also very good.
Hydrometers are used for the spirit and the wort. These measure the liquid density. Dense liquid will cause them to float high in the liquid and low density (which means that the liquid is half alcohol) will make them float low in the liquid. Hydrometers are used to find out how much of fermentation of the wash has taken place and how much alcohol is present in it. The spirit hydrometer is very important as you will be able to measure purity % and be confident that you have produced a good alcohol.
A fermenter or tub/barrel is used for the fermentation process. You can also buy a fermenter kit. This has to be sterilized and cleaned thoroughly and should have a god airlock and lid so that no oxygen gets in. Gases can escape but nothing gets in. However you should not let it be airtight or the CO2 that is produced by the yeast may build up enough pressure to blow off the lid. A tap near the base is good. Immersion heathers or pads can keep the fermenter warm.
A still is needed for the distillation process. Tabletop units are easily available. The vessel for boiling and the tube is made of long lasting stainless steel. The still boils the mash to make steam which is in turn cooled down to spirits and collected in plastic vessels. The process includes pouring the mash into the boiling vessel where the mash begins to heat up and boil. The vapor or steam that leaves the vessel enters the stainless steel cooler which is fan-cooled and therefore begins to condense into spirits. This drips slowly through a filter into a polycarbonate plastic vessel. This is ready-to-drink and purified and can also be flavored with herbs or essences.
Alcohol distillation equipment costs can differ from a 1000 $ to almost nothing at all. Stainless steel stills can be costly so people hire them or weld them. The welding should be of top quality and one should avoid all lead welding. A copper or stainless steel still can last forever.